The annual Bleach* Festival has swept across the Southern Gold Coast, and the city, for another year, leaving in its wake a trail of art, culture, tastes and sounds to savour until its return in March, 2017. This year's Toolona Street Festival was another great success, along with new events for the Southern Gold Coast, including Shifting Sands, Luminaries, The Strand to the Sand and the Opera Salvaggio at the Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary.
Researchers found that the reefs in Taiwan and the Turks and Caicos archipelago will be among the first to experience annual bleaching, followed by reefs off the coast of Bahrain, in Chile and in French Polynesia.
On average, the reefs will start to undergo annual bleaching starting in 2043, according to the study. Without the required minimum of five years to regenerate, the annual occurrences will have a deadly effect on the corals and disrupt the ecosystems which they support.
a,b. Percentage of CMIP5 model cells containing coral reefs that are not experiencing annual bleaching as a function of atmospheric CO2e concentration (a) and global mean temperature change relative to pre-industrial values (b). Even with stabilization at ~450 ppm CO2e and ~1.5 °C warming, fewer than 5% of reef cells avoid annual bleaching conditions. The key in part a also applies to part b. Data from refs ,.